Railway Private Siding Agreement

Railway Private Siding Agreement: Understanding the Basics

A private siding is a rail track that connects a company`s premises to the main railway line. It enables the company to receive and dispatch goods by rail directly from its own premises, reducing transportation costs and improving logistics efficiency. However, establishing a private siding requires a Railway Private Siding Agreement (RPSA) between the company and the railway operator. In this article, we will explore the basics of RPSA and its important clauses.

What is a Railway Private Siding Agreement?

An RPSA is a legal contract between the company and the railway operator that sets out the terms and conditions for the construction, operation, and maintenance of a private siding. It provides a framework for the rights and obligations of both parties, ensuring that the private siding does not affect the safety and efficiency of the railway network. The RPSA must comply with the regulatory requirements of the railway authority and may require approval from them.

Key clauses in a Railway Private Siding Agreement

Here are some of the key clauses that are typically included in RPSA:

1. Construction of the private siding: This clause specifies the technical specifications for the private siding, such as the length, gradient, and curvature of the track. It may also require the company to obtain necessary permits and approvals for construction.

2. Maintenance and repair: This clause sets out the responsibilities of both parties for maintaining and repairing the private siding. It may include provisions for regular inspections, maintenance schedules, and penalties for non-compliance.

3. Operating procedures: This clause outlines the procedures for the safe and efficient operation of the private siding, such as the notification of train movements, shunting procedures, and communication protocols.

4. Liability and insurance: This clause clarifies the liability of both parties for any damages or losses arising from the private siding operations. It may require the company to obtain adequate insurance cover for the private siding.

5. Termination and renewal: This clause specifies the conditions for terminating or renewing the RPSA, such as a notice period, payment of any outstanding dues, or breach of contract.

Benefits of a Railway Private Siding Agreement

Establishing a private siding through an RPSA offers several benefits to companies, such as:

1. Reduced transportation costs and logistics efficiency: By eliminating the need for transportation by road, companies can save on fuel costs, reduce emissions, and improve delivery times.

2. Greater control and flexibility: Companies can schedule their operations and deliveries according to their needs, without being dependent on the availability of public rail infrastructure.

3. Improved safety and security: Private sidings are often equipped with additional safety measures, such as level crossings, fencing, and lighting, to ensure the safe and secure movement of trains.


A Railway Private Siding Agreement is an essential legal document that enables companies to establish their own rail links to the main railway network. It provides a framework for the construction, operation, and maintenance of private sidings, ensuring safety, efficiency, and compliance with regulatory requirements. By understanding the key clauses in an RPSA, companies can negotiate a favorable agreement with the railway operator that meets their business needs.